Linda Hamilton Krieger

  • Professor of Law
  • Director, Ulu Lehua Scholars Program
  • Carlsmith Ball Faculty Scholar


  • AB Stanford University 1975
  • JD New York University School of Law 1978


Linda Hamilton Krieger grew up in Hawaiʻi and returned home to join the law faculty at the William S. Richardson School of Law as a Professor of Law and Director of the Ulu Lehua Scholars Program in 2007. She came to Richardson from the law faculty at the University of California, Berkeley, School of Law (Boalt Hall).

After graduating from law school in 1978, Professor Krieger worked for 13 years as a civil rights lawyer in San Francisco, California. During that period, she litigated at the trial and appellate levels, a number of significant state and federal sex and race discrimination and other workers' rights cases. Many of these cases established important legal and practical precedents in the areas of pregnancy discrimination (Cal Fed v. Guerra), sexual harassment (Priest v. Rotary) and the rights of workers affected by mass layoffs (Carson v. Atari). She also played a significant role in drafting state and federal legislation in these subject matter areas. During these years, Professor Krieger was also a political activist in the San Francisco lesbian and gay community, and took an early leading role in community organizations, such as the San Francisco AIDS Foundation, the AIDS Legal Referral Panel, and the AIDS Interfaith Network, which emerged in response to the AIDS outbreak in the early 1980's.

In 1991, Professor Krieger began teaching at the Stanford Law School, where, in 1995, she published a ground-breaking article on implicit bias and antidiscrimination law [The Content of Our Categories: A Cognitive Bias Approach to Discrimination and Equal Employment Opportunity, 47 STAN. L. REV. 1161 (1995)]. In 1996, she joined the law faculty at U.C. Berkeley, where she taught employment discrimination law, civil procedure, legal problem solving and decision making, antidiscrimination law and policy, and an undergraduate course on American social movements and their relationship to the development of civil rights law and policy in the U.S. Professor Krieger has published extensively in the areas of disability discrimination, affirmative action, law and social cognition theory, international comparative equality law and policy, judgment in legal decision making, and theories of law and social change.

Professor Krieger has held research fellowships and visiting professorships at the Harvard Law School (2006-2007), the Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study at Harvard University (2005-2005), and the Institut d'Etudes Politiques de Paris (2008). Presently, she teaches the Ulu Lehua Seminar, Legislation & Statutory Interpretation, Employment Discrimination Law, and Civil Procedure.

Teaching Areas: Employment Discrimination Law, Legislation & Statutory Interpretation, Civil Procedure. Research interests in Law and Social Cognition, Judgment in Legal Decision Making, Civil Rights Law and Policy, Comparative Antidiscrimination Law.




  • Multiple Disadvantages: An Empirical Test of Intersectionality Theory in EEO Litigation, 45 LAW AND SOCIETY
    REVIEW 991-1025 (2011).
  • Linda Hamilton Krieger, Un Problème de categories: Stéréotypes et lutte contre les discriminations. (Category Problems: Stereotypes and the Struggle Against Discrimination), Institut d'Études Politiques de Paris (Paris: France 2008).
  • Linda Hamilton Krieger, The Watched Variable Improves: On Eliminating Sex Discrimination in Employment, in Faye Crosby & Margaret Stockdale, Eds., SEX DISCRIMINATION IN EMPLOYMENT (Blackwell Publishing, 2007).
  • Linda Hamilton Krieger & Susan T. Fiske, Behavioral Realism in Employment Discrimination Law: Implicit Bias and Disparate Treatment, 94 CAL. L. REV. 997 (2006).
  • Anthony G. Greenwald & Linda Hamilton Krieger, Implicit Bias: Scientific Foundations, 94 CAL. L. REV.945 (2006).
  • Linda Hamilton Krieger, Ed., BACKLASH AGAINST THE ADA: REINTERPRETING DISABILITY RIGHTS (University of Michigan Press, 2003).
  • Socio-Legal Backlash, in Linda Hamilton Krieger, Ed., BACKLASH AGAINST THE ADA: REINTERPRETING DISABILITY RIGHTS (University of Michigan Press, 2003).
  • Linda Hamilton Krieger, Civil Rights Perestroika: Intergroup Relations After Affirmative Action, 86 CAL. L. REV. 1251 (1998).


  • Principal Investigator (with Lauren Edelman) National Science Foundation Grant, Judicial Deference to Institutionalized Employment Practices in Equal Employment Opportunity Litigation, 1965-1999 (2003-Present).
  • Scholar in Residence, Institut d’Etudes Politiques (Sciences Po), Paris, France (Summer 2008).